Inclusive Growth Bulletin - Issue 49 - January/February 2016

 
 
 

Inclusive Growth Bulletin

Happy New Year and welcome to the first Inclusive Growth Bulletin of 2016 covering South-South Learning on innovative poverty reduction strategies. The January/February issue launches a new Policy in Focus on policy recommendations related to family farming in the Global South as well as new publications regarding a conditional cash transfer programme in Kazakhstan, education as a pathway to sustainable inclusive development, and taxation and distribution of income in Brazil. There are also news and updates on the IPC-IG's policy dialogue activities, including participation in events in Ethiopia, Senegal and Brazil. We hope you enjoy reading this issue!

Policy in Focus

 
 

The latest edition of Policy in Focus, titled "Public policies for the strengthening of family farming in the Global South", contains eight articles following up on discussions and debates instigated by the United Nations International Year of Family Farming (IYFF 2014). The articles draw attention to specific cases as well as more general policy recommendations related to family farming in countries of the Global South, ranging from South America to South Asia. Despite a growing global consensus on the vital role of family farming, there is still relatively little knowledge among policymakers and scholars regarding specific policies that are currently being implemented in developing countries. Family farming has been occupying increasingly larger spaces within policymaking circles, from the launch of the IYFF campaign in 2008 to the post-IYFF 2014 celebrations within the framework of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)'s document, "Legacy of IYFF 2014 and the Way Forward ". The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have also established support to small-scale food producers as a crucial target for achieving sustainable increases in productivity and food security, further contributing to the increased visibility of family farming.

This edition is the product of a collaboration between the IPC-IG, FAO and the Ministry of Agrarian Development of Brazil (MDA). It is available for download in PDF and smartphone/tablet friendly formats.

Publications

 

The Working Paper "Taxation and distribution of income in Brazil: new evidence from personal income tax data", by Sérgio Wulff Gobetti (Institute for Applied Economic Research—Ipea) and Rodrigo Octávio Orair (Ipea/IPC-IG), presents a critical analysis of income taxes in Brazil, demonstrating how measures adopted in the 1980s and 1990s, as a result of mainstream recommendations, hindered the redistributive role of taxes in the country. By examining tax data, the authors find an extremely high degree of income concentration at the top of the distribution and propose a return to a progressivity-focused tax reform plan. The authors' research was awarded with the XX National Treasure Award by the Brazilian School of Fiscal Administration (ESAF). The Working Paper is available in Portuguese and an associated One Pager is also available.

In the Working Paper "Education through the lens of sustainable human development", author Gianna Alessandra Sanchez Moretti (IPC-IG Research Fellow), looks into how certain population groups do not enjoy equal chances to enlarge their choices and reach decent standards of living, thus producing inequalities. She highlights the power of education as a fundamental element for securing sustainability in human development and its potential in reducing inequalities. An associated One Pager is also available.

The One Pager "The impact of the BOTA Foundation's Conditional Cash Transfer Programme for Pre-School Children in Kazakhstan", by Clare O'Brien (Oxford Policy Management), looks into an impact evaluation of a conditional cash transfer (CCT) programme implemented by the BOTA Foundation in several provinces in Kazakhstan, that reached over 90,000 poor households containing pre-school-age children, children with disabilities, pregnant and lactating women and teenage school-leavers. The evaluation found that BOTA's CCT brought about a significant increase in the rate of pre-school enrolment, a slight shift in child-care arrangements, and no discernible effect on household consumption, the receipt of state transfers or informal support.

Translations

There are also publications translated into French, Portuguese and Spanish.

One Pager "Education and Human Rights for Sustainable Human Development" by Gianna Alessandra Sanchez Moretti (IPC-IG Research Fellow). Portuguese. Spanish.

Working Paper "Scale of Institutional Public Procurement of Food in Brazil" by Rovane Battaglin Schwengber (IPC-IG), Eduardo Pontual Ribeiro (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ), Fábio Veras Soares (IPC-IG) and Rodrigo Octávio Orair (Ipea). French. Portuguese. Spanish.

 

See our full list of publications here

News

PAA Africa in Senegal
IPC-IG Research Associate Mario Györi is currently participating in a joint mission of the World Food Programme (WFP), FAO, and the IPC-IG to Senegal, where he is working on the monitoring and evaluation of the PAA Africa (Purchase from Africans for Africa) programme. PAA Africa is a school feeding programme based on locally sourced food, which is purchased from vulnerable smallholder farmers. Inspired by the Brazilian Food Acquisition Programme (Programa de Aquisição de Alimentos), it is now being implemented in five African countries: Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, and Senegal.

For this mission, Mr Györi undertook field research in the region of Kédougou and met with farmers, schoolchildren, teachers and local stakeholders who are involved in the implementation of the programme. He also met with policymakers from the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Agriculture, as well as representatives from FAO and the WFP in Senegal's capital Dakar. The aim of the monitoring and evaluation activities is to identify good practices related to the programme's implementation in Senegal, inquire to which extent the programme's expected outcomes have been achieved, and to develop constructive suggestions to make the programme even more effective in the future.

Join our Internship Programme!
The IPC-IG is still accepting applications from outstanding students for its 2016 Internship Programme! We are looking for graduate-level students who are passionate about international development and who believe that inclusive growth, the dissemination of knowledge and social development have the power to transform societies. Requirements and information on how to apply are available here.

 

SP.org Newsletter
socialprotection.org has launched its monthly newsletter! Now on its third edition, the newsletter highlights the platform's content, members and latest developments. socialprotection.org is an unbranded virtual space to facilitate knowledge sharing and exchange among low- and middle-income countries. You can subscribe to receive the platform's newsletter by visiting socialprotection.org, scrolling to the bottom of the homepage and entering your email address. Past newsletters are available here and here.

South-South Dialogue

PAA Africa International Seminar
The IPC-IG participated in the International Seminar "Connecting Smallholder Farmers to School Feeding for Promoting Local Development", organized by the PAA Africa Programme, in Awasa, Ethiopia, from 12 to 14 January.

IPC-IG's Research Associates Mario Györi and Claudia Tufani presented the midterm monitoring results for the project's implementation in Ethiopia, given that the workshop focused on the host country.
During three days, participants discussed strategies for the scaling up of the programme to increase the number of participating farmers, benefit students and integrate home-grown school feeding in national policies. In Ethiopia, PAA Africa is being implemented in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State (SNNPRS), in the zones of Sidama, Silte and Guraghe, benefiting over 2,800 smallholder farmers and 10,000 students with about two million meals prepared with locally-sourced food.

Urban Development Policy Framework
On 26 January, IPC-IG Research Coordinator, Diana Sawyer and Research Associate, Pedro Arruda, participated in the Workshop "Building a framework of indicators for monitoring urban infrastructure policies and inclusive development in Brazil" organised by Brazil's Ministry of Cities. The Workshop was organised in light of the upcoming Habitat III Conference, to be held in October 2016, and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), bringing together different institutions and specialists working with urban themes to identify relevant research and databases to guide the elaboration of a framework of indicators for a more sustainable and inclusive development of Brazilian cities. The IPC-IG representatives contributed to this discussion.

Now it's your turn!
We would like to hear your opinion about the Inclusive Growth Bulletin. Please send us your comments and suggestions about the newsletter as well as topics you would like to read here at: ipc@ipc-undp.org