Inclusive Growth Bulletin - Issue 48 - December 2015
 
 

Inclusive Growth Bulletin

Welcome to the December edition of the Inclusive Growth Bulletin! In this issue, we introduce the latest edition of the Policy in Focus magazine, the third volume of our One Pager compilation book as well as publications on taxation and income distribution in Brazil, and the expansion of social protection to the rural population in low-income countries. In addition, we share with you the latest updates on the activities of the IPC-IG. As we cap the year off, we take the opportunity to share a brief review of our knowledge production.

In 2015, the Centre released 167 new publications, from the more technical Working Papers and Policy Research Briefs to the popular One Pagers, including the multiple special series produced in collaboration with the Economic Comission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), UNICEF, World Food Programme (WFP), Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), Oxford Policy Management (OPM), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), National Evaluation Capacities (NEC), United Kingdom's Department for International Development (DFID), and the Government of Brazil.

Four new editions of the Policy in Focus magazine were published by the Centre this year, which were the results of fruitful partnerships with the Department of International Development of the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC), the International Research Initiative on Brazil and Africa (IRIBA) of the University of Manchester, FAO, and the Brazilian Ministry of Agrarian Development.

Indeed, this has been a year full of innovations. The Centre launched a report and a platform dedicated to the Yemen National Social Protection Monitoring Survey (NSPMS), which makes available data and reports covering several socioeconomic dimensions. The NSPMS was designed and implemented by UNICEF and Yemen's Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation, in collaboration with the IPC-IG and the local consultancy firm Interaction in Development.

The Centre also launched socialprotection.org, an innovative online platform dedicated to social protection, able to foster knowledge-sharing and capacity-building by drawing on the experiences of low- and middle-income countries. Since the launch in September, socialprotection.org has been steadily increasing its member base and has organised the Child Allowance Webinar Series, about programmes in South Africa, Uruguay,and Mongolia. The entire series is available for download at The Child Allowance Online Community of socialprotection.org.

In 2015 we also introduced our new logo, bringing to a close the year-long celebration of the Centre's 10-year anniversary.

As we look forward to 2016, we would like to express our sincerest thanks to our readers and for the support provided by our growing global network of collaborators, comprising institutional partners, experts, policymakers, academics, researchers, various United Nations agencies and programmes, friends, and the both past and present IPC-IG staff.

From all of us at the IPC-IG, we wish you happy holidays!

Policy in Focus

 
 

Is there a Brazilian Model of Development? Despite its current difficulties, Brazil offers a striking example of inclusive growth, as inequality has fallen sharply over the past decade and a half, a period during which the country lifted an estimated 40 million people out of poverty. In addition, new jobs have been created, child mortality has plummeted, and schooling rates have increased.

The latest issue of the Policy in Focus magazine is a compilation of 12 articles presenting the findings of a body of research that looks into these development gains that have been achieved, what challenges remain, and what can lessons from Brazil's experiences there may be for other developing countries in Africa. The issue was produced in partnership with the International Research Initiative on Brazil and Africa (IRIBA), hosted by the University of Manchester, and was guest-edited by Armando Barrientos and Edmund Amann.

Publications

 

Over the last 10 years, hundreds of thousands of copies of one of our most popular publications—the One Pager—have been downloaded. These short and succinct pieces help familiarise readers with policy discussions, based on analytical and comparative perspectives. We are proud to present the third volume of the One Pager compilation book, comprising One Pagers numbered 200 to 299. The volume covers a multitude of themes focusing on developing and emerging economies, including internal productions as well as collaborations with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), ECLAC and FAO, among many other national and international institutions, ministries and organisations. You can also read Volume 1 and Volume 2.

 

The One Pager "Taxation and distribution of income in Brazil: new evidence from personal income tax data", by Sérgio Wulff Gobetti (Institute for Applied Economic Research - Ipea) and Rodrigo Octávio Orair (Ipea/IPC-IG) analyses data recently made available by the Department of Federal Revenue of Brazil (RFB) in 2015 on personal income tax declarations, which will enable the inclusion of the country in comparative international studies on the distribution of top incomes. The authors present a brief history of Brazil's tax systems, how taxation has evolved compared with other international contexts, and how this has impacted income concentration in the country. It is also available in French, Spanish and Portuguese.

Extending social protection to the rural population in lower-income countries is a global priority, with both workfare and welfare playing significant roles. In the One Pager "Social protection through work in lower-income countries: an assessment framework", Rodolfo Beazley (Oxford Policy Management) and Kirit Vaidya (Consultant) discuss a tool for assessing the relative cost-effectiveness and efficiency of different welfare and workfare policies for households.

See our full list of publications here

News

Seminar Series
On 27 November, the IPC-IG hosted Daniel da Mata (Ipea), who delivered a presentation on The "The Economic Effects of Credit in the Brazilian Semiarid". Producers of the semiarid region, the poorest in the country, are eligible to receive credit from the state-owned Banco do Nordeste (BNB) bank in order to promote regional development. Based on climate criteria, the Federal Government added new locations to the Brazilian semiarid, while others that were close to meeting the criteria were not included. Mr. Da Mata's research investigates exogenous variation in credit policy to study the real effects of credit. In his presentation, he explored this and other channels through which credit reforms affect development and the local banking sector. You can read more about his presentation here.

On 9 December, researchers Mr. Alan de Brauw and Ms. Kate Ambler from the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) delivered a presentation entitled "Adapting Fomento to sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from a Pilot Project in Senegal and Malawi" as part of the IPC-IG Seminar Series. They introduced their ongoing research on adapting Brazil's Fomento strategy, which targets smallholder farmers and combines extension services with cash transfers, to the context of Malawi and Senegal, and presented the preliminary results on agricultural production after one year of implementation. Their research is supported by DFID as part of the ClimAA programme: "Africa-Brazil Partnership on Climate-Smart Agriculture and Food Security".

New website in Portuguese
The IPC-IG is glad to announce the launch of its new website in Portuguese, a long awaited project by our team. Readers will find information about projects, publications, and new opportunities such as internship and fellowship programmes, as well the link to subscribe to our newsletter in Portuguese. Visit the website.

Join our Internship Programme!
We are receiving applications from outstanding students for the 2016 Internship Programme! We are looking for graduate-level students who are passionate about International Development and who believe that inclusive growth, dissemination of knowledge and social development have the power to transform societies. Requirements and information of how to apply are available here.

 

Poverty Alleviation in Brazil
Luis Henrique Paiva, research associate at the IPC-IG, Ipea researcher and former national secretary of the Bolsa Família programme, was a speaker at the Technical Workshop "Poverty and Inequality in Brazil: Indicators and Trends 1992-2014", on 3 December in Brasilia. In his presentation, Mr. Paiva highlighted the impact of the aging population on social security and the reduction of extreme poverty. The workshop was jointly organised by the Brazilian Learning Initiative World Without Poverty and ECLAC.

Events

National Voluntary Presentations
The IPC-IG's Research Coordinator, Rafael Osório, participated in the Inter-Regional Workshop "Experiences and Lessons Learned from UN's Economic and Social Council's National Voluntary Presentations", held in Kingston, Jamaica, from 2 to 4 December. Mr. Osório joined the panel: "Economy-wide modelling and microsimulation to inform development policy", which sought to facilitate discussions of the specific application of these methodologies and identify issues that might be useful in future applications. Mr. Osório delivered a presentation on "Microsimulation as a tool for integrated SDG-based development planning".

Brazil-EU Dialogue
Pedro Arruda, Research Associate at the IPC-IG, attended the Brazil-EU Dialogue on "Sustainable Cities and National States' Policies for Urban Development in the Context of the 'New Urban Agenda Post-2015'". The event took place on 19 November, in London. Mr Arruda delivered a presentation entitled "Making good use of the SDGs for the urban agendas of the Global South: an overview of its challenges and potentialities", introducing a forthcoming article discussing the challenges and potentialities of using the strategy of the SDGs to engage urban policies more actively in combating poverty and inequality. Under a workshop format, the event brought together experts from the Brazilian Ministry of Cities, the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Cities Alliance, the Communitas Coalition, the Indian Institute for Human Settlements, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit –(GIZ) and the University of Manchester.

 

Monitoring and Evaluation of Public Policies in Brazil
The IPC-IG's Research Coordinator, Diana Sawyer, participated in the seminar "Monitoring and Evaluation of Public Policies: instruments and experiences", organized by Ipea from 23-25 November in Brasilia. Part of the panel that discussed the evaluation of public policies, Ms Sawyer spoke about the challenges of conducting an impact assessment of social programmes, from measuring the impacts on the lives of beneficiaries to those related to the time and resources required for conducting an effective evaluation. The event focused on approaches, tools and experiences in monitoring and evaluating public policies in the country, gathering representatives of the Federal Government, academia and international organizations.

Survey on Forced Labour
On 30 November and 1 December, the Centre's Research Coordinator, Diana Sawyer, and Research Associate, Pedro Arruda, attended the "Workshop to adapt the 'hard to see, harder to count' Methodology in Maranhão". Invited by the ILO Brazilian Coordination to Combat Forced Labour in Brazil, Ms Sawyer and Mr Arruda attended a presentation of the proposed methodology for the preparation of a survey on forced labour in the state of Maranhão, Brazil. It is a preliminary effort to adapt a methodology that has already been applied in 20 other countries to Brazil.

Now it's your turn!
We would like to hear your opinion about the Inclusive Growth Bulletin. Please send us your comments and suggestions about the newsletter as well as topics you would like to read here at: ipc@ipc-undp.org