Inclusive Growth Bulletin - Issue 47 - November 2015
 
 
 

Inclusive Growth Bulletin

Welcome to the latest Inclusive Growth Bulletin covering South-South Learning on innovative poverty-reduction strategies. Our November 2015 edition features a new study on institutional public procurement of food in Brazil, as well as two new publications on rural poverty and development in the North and Northeast regions of Brazil. In addition, we cover the latest updates on the new platform socialprotection.org, and IPC-IG's news, activities and participation in events in India and Brazil.

Institutional Public Procurement of Food

 
 

A central component of Brazil's experience in promoting inclusive agricultural growth has been institutional public procurement with a focus on family farming production. With the launch of the 'Zero Hunger' strategy in 2003, the Brazilian government organised institutional public procurement as a tool to provide a stable market and price benchmarks for smallholder production.

The Working Paper "Scale of Institutional Public Procurement of Food in Brazil" by Rovane Battaglin Schwengber and Fábio Veras Soares (IPC-IG/UNDP); Eduardo Pontual Ribeiro (UFRJ) and Rodrigo Octávio Orair (Ipea/IPC-IG) analyses the process, highlighting its main programmes and procedures, as well as new data that have recently been made available. It describes the two key institutional procurement programmes in the country—the Food Acquisition Programme (PAA) and the National School Feeding Programme (PNAE). It also estimates the total scale of Brazilian government food procurement of agricultural produce, taking into account its direct and indirect effects. It is also available in Portuguese.

Rovane Schwengber, research associate at IPC-IG and one of the authors, presented the study at the 5th National Conference on Food Security and Nutrition, held in Brasilia on 3-6 November. The study is part of a series developed by the Centre of Excellence against Hunger of the World Food Programme, in partnership with the IPC-IG and the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (FGV Brazil).

An accompanying One Pager, "Scale of Public Procurement of Food and its Implications for Promoting Inclusive Agricultural Growth" is also available in French, Portuguese and Spanish.

Publications

In partnership with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the IPC-IG is launching two new publications on rural poverty and development in the North and Northeast regions of Brazil.

Having been increasingly recognised as the main challenge facing humanity in the coming decades, future climate change scenarios and the uncertainties they bring are the focus of "Climate Change and its Impacts on Family Farming in the North/Northeast Regions of Brazil" by Haroldo de Oliveira Machado Filho (UNDP). It looks into global projections and compares them with regional scenarios to identify the main trends in terms of changes in temperature and precipitation for the North and Northeast regions of Brazil (more specifically, in the Amazon, Semi-arid and Cerrado biomes). A Portuguese version is already available. An accompanying One Pager, "Climate Change Impacts: Response Options for Family Farmers in Brazil" by Amanda Barroso Lima, Isadora Cardoso Vasconcelos and Pedro Vasconcelos Rocha (UNDP) is also available. Portuguese.

Though Brazil has seen a decrease in poverty in recent years due to development strategies, in rural and agricultural settings, the incidence of poverty is higher than in urban areas. Data and studies on the Northeast and North regions, where the highest rates of poverty and extreme poverty are still found, have highlighted the need to ensure and understand instruments such as land ownership, credit, market access and others, so that economic dynamism may be effectively expanded for the purposes of development, based on specific local characteristics. "Public Policies for Rural Areas and the Fight against Rural Poverty in the North and Northeast Regions of Brazil: a Look at the Fish, the Fishing Rod and the River" by Simone Battestin and Izabelle Vieira (Consultants) and Pedro Arruda (IPC-IG), synthesises analyses, information, conclusions and recommendations on key public policies at the federal level targeting rural areas, as well as their rate of success in combating poverty. There is also a Portuguese version. An accompanying One Pager, "Policies for Rural Development: an Analysis Focusing on the North and Northeast Regions of Brazil" by Izabelle Vieira, Simone Battestin, Wesley J. Silva (Consultants); Pedro Arruda, Laetícia R. De Souza and Rovane Schwengber (IPC-IG); Sergei Soares (Ipea and IPC-IG); and Áquila Estevão da Silva Campos (Ipea) is also available. Portuguese.

In addition, the "Atlas of Extreme poverty in the North and Northeast regions of Brazil in 2010" is now available in English. It was created in partnership with Brazil's Institute for Applied Economic Research (Ipea).

See our full list of publications here

News

SPIAC-B Meeting
Alicia Spengler, IPC-IG Project Analyst and Raquel Tebaldi, Research Assistant will be representing the Centre at the 7th Social Protection Inter-agency Cooperation Board (SPIAC-B) meeting, taking place in New York on 24 November, 2015. Established in 2012, the SPIAC-B, responds to a request from the G20, calling upon international organizations that provide social protection financing and technical advisory services to developing countries, to improve the coordination of their efforts. The Board has approached the IPC-IG to develop an unbranded virtual space, socialprotection.org, to facilitate knowledge sharing and exchange among low- and middle-income countries. The platform was launched on 12 September and will be presented to all SPIAC-B members during the upcoming meeting.

IPC-IG welcomes GIZ
On 30 October the IPC-IG received an institutional visit from the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) with the aim of learning about the work and scope of the Centre. Christof Kersting, representative of the German headquarters and Programme Manager of the Global Alliances for Social Protection programme, and Alice Guimarães, responsible for the Brazil-Germany Trilateral Cooperation Programme, identified great opportunities for future collaborations between both Institutions. The German Government expressed interest in supporting socialprotection.org and contributing with concrete learning and exchange formats developed within the Global Alliances for Social Protection programme.

 

Progressive Taxation in Brazil

Rodrigo Orair—IPC-IG research associate and Ipea researcher—was awarded the XX National Treasure Award by the Brazilian School of Fiscal Administration (ESAF), together with Ipea researcher Sergio Gobetti, for the study "Progressive taxation: a forgotten agenda" in the category: Tópicos Especiais (Special Topics). The result was announced in the Diário Oficial da União, Brazil's Official Gazzette. The theme will be the subject of an upcoming One Pager and Working Paper, soon to be launched by the IPC-IG.

Mr. Orair has also recently attended two separate meetings with Brazilian authorities: one at the Fiscal Forum of the Brazilian States (FFEB), which gathers the state finance secretaries, and another at the National Congress, with deputies of the Brazilian Workers' Party, on 12 and 11 November, respectively. On both occasions, Orair delivered a presentation about his current research on progressive taxation and alternative methods to promote an equitable fiscal adjustment without over-burdening the poorest.

South-South Dialogue

Health Systems in BRICS Countries
On 27-30 October, Pedro Lara de Arruda, Research Associate at the IPC-IG, participated in the 7th Brazilian Congress of Telemedicine and Health at the Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He presented the preliminary results of a research study that introduces the major frameworks of health systems in each of the BRICS countries. The IPC has published a One Pager on the subject , "Preliminary Observations on Social Security and Health Care Systems of the BRICS". A Policy Brief is forthcoming.

Delhi Economics Conclave 2015
Luis Henrique Paiva, Associate Researcher at the IPC-IG, Researcher at Ipea and, former National Secretary of the Bolsa Familia Programme (2012-2015), gave a presentation on "The Bolsa Família Programme" at the Delhi Economics Conclave, 2015, in New Delhi, India on 6 November. Mr Paiva spoke at Plenary Session 1 about the Brazilian experience with conditional cash transfers. Organised by the Ministry of Finance of the Government of India, this year's theme for the conference was "Realising India's JAM Vision". It was policy-oriented and covered topical economic issues affecting India as well as the world at large.

Now it's your turn!
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