Inclusive Growth Bulletin - Issue 46 - October 2015

 

 

 

 
 
 

Inclusive Growth Bulletin

Welcome to the latest Inclusive Growth Bulletin covering South-South Learning on innovative poverty-reduction strategies. Our October 2015 edition features a new look and our new logo. There are new publications on developing and strengthening the procedures to evaluate sustainable human development and on the importance of education development strategies worldwide, as well as an Atlas of Extreme Poverty in the North and Northeast regions of Brazil. In addition, we cover the latest updates on the new platform socialprotection.org, and the IPC-IG's activities and participation in events in Morocco, the USA and South Africa.

IPC-IG and IFAD: Rural Poverty in Brazil

 
 

The IPC-IG and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), are pleased to announce a series of studies on rural poverty in Brazil. This month, we are presenting new publications:

The One Pager "Poverty in Rural Brazil: It Is All About Assets" by Sergei Soares (IPC-IG); Laetícia R. de Souza (IPC-IG); Wesley Silva, Statistical Consultant and Fernando Gaiger Silveira (Ipea/IPC-IG), synthesises key findings of a study on rural poverty profiles in the North and Northeast regions of Brazil. Although poverty and extreme poverty decreased significantly in the country between 2004 and 2013, this reduction was not accompanied by structural changes to its main characteristics or profile. The North and Northeast regions continue to exhibit the highest prevalences of poverty and extreme poverty in the country. It is suggested that the main contributing factor to extreme poverty in agricultural households is their lack of access to assets.

In the One Pager "Fiscal Conditions of Brazil's Public Sector: an Analysis of the States in the North and Northeast Regions and Funding for Rural Development", Rodrigo Octávio Orair (IPC-IG/Ipea); Sergio Wulf Gobetti (Ipea) and André Amorim Alencar (Consultant) show that Brazil's improved fiscal condition — coupled with the rekindled economic growth of the middle of the last decade — enabled sufficient headroom for a shift in fiscal policy after 2006. This led to a loosening of the restrictions on state and municipal indebtedness and a reduction in the public administration's primary balance. The gradual lowering of the primary balance did not prevent the public sector's net debt from continuing its decline. The problem is the cost of stabilising the debt, which has become exceedingly high in recent years. This is due to another factor related to debt composition: namely, the simultaneous accumulation of assets and liabilities by the public sector and the interest rate differential between them.

One of the publications in the series, created in partnership with Brazil's Institute for Applied Economic Research (Ipea), is the "Atlas of Extreme Poverty in the North and Northeast Regions of Brazil in 2010". It identifies the municipalities with the highest concentration of households with monthly per capita incomes of up to BRL70 in the regions where most of the country's rural poor population is located. The Atlas features over 80 colour-coded maps based on the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics' (IBGE) 2010 Demographic Census. It pinpoints where the most vulnerable Brazilians reside in the 16 states that make up the North and Northeast regions of the country.

The Atlas is currently only available in Portuguese and can be downloaded here. The English version is coming soon.

Publications

The One Pager "Strengthening National Evaluation Capacities to Evaluate Sustainable Human Development", by Ariane Cassoli Alvarenga (IPC-IG), Ana Rosa Soares (UNDP Independent Evaluation Office) and Lívia Maria da Costa Nogueira (IPC-IG), puts forth a series of key ideas shared by participants of an online discussion linked to the upcoming National Evaluation Capacities (NEC) conference in Bangkok, regarding how governments can develop and strengthen the necessary procedures to evaluate sustainable human development, and what the most effective process might be for the identification of indicators related to cross-cutting issues. It is also available in French, Portuguese and Spanish.

In the One Pager "Education and Human Rights for Sustainable Human Development", Gianna Alessandra Sanchez Moretti (IPC-IG) illustrates that it is vital that education be given the prominent position it deserves in overall sustainable human development strategies worldwide, as it is a fundamental right in ensuring sustainable human development for present and future generations., Its impacts are long-term and can benefit other variables that are crucial for development. It is also available in Spanish.

Translations

There are also publications translated into Arabic, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish.

The IPC-IG's 2014 Activity Report is now also available in Portuguese, in .pdf and smartphone/tablet friendly formats

One Pager "Integrating Public Works and Transfers in Ethiopia: An Innovative Approach to Social Protection, Employment and Decent Work" by Maikel Lieuw-Kie-Song (Independent researcher and consultant). Italian. Portuguese. Spanish.

One Pager "Inequality in Post-Independence Namibia: the Unfinished Agenda" by Sebastian Levine (UNDP) and Benjamin Roberts (Human Sciences Research Council). Portuguese.

One Pager "After All, What is Inclusive Growth?" by Rafael Ranieri and Raquel Almeida Ramos (IPC-IG). Arabic.

See our full list of publications here

News

Mongolia Child Money Programme

Mongolia has implemented the first universal child grant programme in the developing world: the Mongolian Child Money Programme (CMP). The country has been gradually moving from a targeted and conditional to a universal and unconditional approach since 2005, when the CMP was introduced. Now the CMP is the focus of the third session of the Child Allowance Webinar Series on 27 October, hosted by socialprotection.org and organised by the IPC-IG, UNICEF and Development Pathways. The webinar will be presented by Ms. Lakhagvasuren Munkhzul (Director of the Social Protection Department in Mongolia's Ministry of Population Development and Social Protection). Mr Bjorn Gelders (Senior Social Policy Specialist at Development Pathways) will be the discussant and Ms. Judith Bruno (Deputy Representative at UNICEF Mongolia) will be the moderator. The entire webinar will be available for download on The Child Allowance Online Community. You can find recordings and discussions on the previous two webinars, on the South African Child Support Grant and Uruguay's Asignaciones Familiares Programme on the Community.

Speaking of socialprotection.org, the platform was officially launched on 12 September! The website is an innovative online platform dedicated to social protection, able to foster knowledge-sharing and capacity-building by drawing on the experiences of low- and middle-income countries. So far, there are over 1000 publications available on the platform, which provides accessible, accurate and up-to-date content on social protection themes, programmes and policies. There are over 400 registered members who enjoy full access to the platform's range of interactive features. Visit socialprotection.org and become a member!

REPOA Visits the IPC-IG

 

We were very pleased to receive, on 23 October, at our office, Dr. Flora Myamba, Director of Research in Social Protection of Policy Reseach for Development (REPOA), based in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and Dr. Tumpe Lukongo, Research and Development Officer from Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF). Dr. Myamba presented to IPC-IG the work of REPOA, an independent research institution which creates and utilises knowledge to facilitate socio-economic development in ‎Tanzania. Their 3 areas of research are Growth and Development, Social Protection and Governance and Service Delivery. Dr. Lukongo explained the methodology and challenges of targeting beneficiaries for TASAF. In the occasion, Fabio Veras, IPC-IG's Research Coordinator, also explained the work of the centre and socialprotection.org was introduced to REPOA and TASAF by the platform's project analyst, Alicia Spengler.

WWP Webinar
The Brazil Learning Initiative for a World without Poverty (WWP) is organizing the webinar "WWP: Sharing Brazil's Poverty Reduction Strategy", which will be presented by Rafael Osório, IPC-IG's Research Coordinator, on 28 October at the University of Brasilia (UnB). The webinar will be broadcast live, in Portuguese, and there will also be limited availability for attendees at the Technological Support Centre building at the University. The webinar is a partnership between the WWP and the Global Development Learning Network (GDLN Brazil) and is part of the agenda of UnB's University Week. More information is available here (in Portuguese).

2015 SOFA Report
Celebrating the World Food Day, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) launched the 2015 State of Food and Agriculture (SOFA), its major annual flagship publication. Under the title "Social Protection and Agriculture: breaking the cycle of rural poverty", this edition of makes the case that social protection measures will help break the cycle of rural poverty and vulnerability, when combined with broader agricultural and rural development measures. According to the report, social protection programmes are effective in reducing poverty and hunger. In 2013, social protection helped lift 150 million people out of extreme poverty, that is, those living on less than $1.25 a day.

IPC-IG produced two background papers for the 2015 edition. Read the full report here.

Knowledge Exchange

Evaluation of Public Policies

Fábio Veras, IPC-IG's Research Coordinator participated in the International Conference on "Institutionalizing the Evaluation of Public Policies", held in Rabat, Morocco on 5-6 October. The conference aimed at promoting the institutionalisation of evaluation of public policies to achieve the Human Development Goals and human rights in general, and at raising the awareness of policymakers, civil society and the private sector regarding the strategic role of evaluation in the promotion of good governance. It also aimed at initiating discussions and exchanges around the progress of the evaluation process, clarifying concepts, reassuring focus on rationalisation of resources and expenses for more efficient management of human development programmes and projects. It was organised by Morocco's National Observatory of Human Development (ONDH), in partnership with the Centre for Research and Social Studies (CRES) of Tunisia, Mexico's National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL), United Nations agencies in Morocco and the National Assessment Body under the Council of Higher Education, Training and Scientific Research.

Mr Veras delivered a presentation entitled "The Role of Monitoring and Evaluation in Improving Public Policies—challenges and achievements".

Racial Inequality in Brazil
On October 15-16, Rafael Osório, IPC-IG's Research Coordinator, was in Austin, Texas, participating in the Fall 2015 Lozano Long Workshop "Racial Inequality in Brazil" at the University of Texas at Austin. He participated in the "Racial Inequality in the Labour Market and in Demographic Factors" session. The workshop assembled experts on racial inequality in Brazil and reflected on important questions facing Brazil and Brazilians of all races. It raised and sought to address important questions regarding how the treatment of racial inequalities has unfolded in the Brazilian scenario: What are the current levels of inequality among the white, brown, and black populations in Brazil? How can we understand the persistence of racial disparities? How does race classification take place in the country? How do affirmative action policies work in Brazil? For more information and to see the programme, click here.

Sustainability of Social Protection

The fourth annual Southern Africa Social Protection Experts Network (SASPEN) Conference "Sustainability of Social Protection: Economic Returns, Political Will and Fiscal Space" took place on 20-21 October in Johannesburg, South Africa. The conference sought to address questions such as: how does social protection interact with economic growth? What makes social protection systems sustainable? It brought together national governments, social partners, academics, the private sector, social security institutions, civil society, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), international organisations and development partners.

 

Rodrigo Orair, Researcher at Brazil's Ipea and seconded Researcher to the IPC-IG and Mario Gyoeri, IPC-IG Researcher led a Poster Session on Sustainable Cash Transfers. Mr Orair and Mr Gyoeri also delivered Keynote Addresses on "How Brazil has cut its Inequality Through Fiscal Policy: Redistributive Role of Social Protection, Main Trends and Challenges for Fiscal Sustainability" and on south-south learning, introducing socialprotection.org.

Now it's your turn!

We would like to hear your opinion about the Inclusive Growth Bulletin. Please send us your comments and suggestions about the newsletter as well as topics you would like to read here at: ipc@ipc-undp.org