Inclusive Growth Bulletin - Issue 45 - September 2015




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Issue 45 - September 2015


Inclusive Growth Bulletin

Welcome to the latest Inclusive Growth Bulletin covering South-South Learning on innovative poverty-reduction strategies. The September 2015 edition introduces readers to a new special edition of the Policy in Focus, as well as to new publications emphasising vulnerability to poverty indicators and priorities in supporting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In addition, we cover the latest updates on the new platform, the IPC-IG's activities and participation and support to events in France, Cape Verde, Panama and Thailand.


Policy in Focus


What is the impact of social transfers on household labour allocation decisions and on productive investments? Can social protection policies play a promotive role? How complementary are productive inclusion polices and social transfer policies? Does it make any difference to combine poverty relief policies with policies to foster productive investment by beneficiaries? Why and how? Finally, are impacts different between men and women? What is the impact of these programmes on women's economic empowerment? This special issue of Policy in Focus—"Social Protection, Entrepreneurship and Labour Market Activation"—seeks to address these questions.

It introduces readers to research-based evidence on diverse social protection programmes in various countries, as well as current debates on how best to improve social grants. The contributing authors demonstrate the importance of evaluation results to better inform programme reforms and design changes to ensure that beneficiaries exit poverty and reduce their chances of slipping back into it.

The issue was conceived of during a seminar organised by Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC), the IPC-IG and the Colombian Think Tank Fedesarrollo to discuss social protection and its linkages to jobs, entrepreneurship and women's economic empowerment, held on the occasion of the IPC-IG's 10th anniversary in Brasilia on 10–11 September 2014.

It is available for download in PDF and smartphone/tablet friendly formats, and was developed in partnership with the IDRC.


In the One Pager "The Importance of Having an Indicator for Vulnerability to Poverty: an Empirical Analysis of Brazilian Metropolitan Areas (2002–2011)", Solange Ledi Gonçalves (Institute of Economic Research, University of São Paulo) discusses why anti-poverty initiatives need to consider more dynamic measures of poverty, emphasising that vulnerability to poverty is an essential factor. The author examines information from households in six metropolitan regions, analysing regional variations and the factors most contributing to vulnerability, as well as the impact that recent poverty reduction policies may have had on its alleviation.

The One Pager "Supporting the Sustainable Development Goals: Priorities for a Global Evaluation Agenda", by Ariane Cassoli Alvarenga (IPC-IG), Ana Rosa Soares (UNDP Independent Evaluation Office) and Lívia Maria da Costa Nogueira (IPC-IG) contains a series of key ideas shared by participants of an online discussion linked to the upcoming NEC conference in Bangkok, regarding what the priorities might be for a Global Evaluation Agenda to support the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It is also available in French, Portuguese and Spanish.


There are also publications translated into Arabic, Chinese, French, Portuguese and Spanish.

One Pager "Food Security as a Pathway to Productive Inclusion: Lessons from Brazil and India" by Danuta Chmielewska and Darana Souza (IPC-IG). Arabic. French. Portuguese. Spanish.

One Pager "From Universalism to Targeting and Back Again: Conditional Cash Transfers and the Development of Social Citizenship" by Bryan Roberts (University of Texas at Austin). Arabic. Chinese. Portuguese. Spanish.

See our full list of publications here


On the United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation, 12 September, was officially launched! The website is an innovative online platform dedicated to social protection, able to foster knowledge-sharing and capacity-building by drawing on the experiences of low- and middle-income countries. "The strategy behind the platform is to bridge an important knowledge gap by providing accessible, accurate and up-to-date content on social protection themes, programmes and policies through collaborative and interactive learning tools, contributed by and for the platform's users." said Alicia Spengler, IPC-IG's Project Analyst of the platform. is also hosting the Child Allowance Webinar Series. A Spanish language webinar dedicated to Uruguay's Contributory Family Allowances (Asignaciones Familiares, AFAM) will be held on 24 September. The webinar is supported by the the IPC-IG and the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). Matías Rodríguez (Director of Social Policy in the Ministry of Social Development of Uruguay—MIDES) and Gabriel Lagomarsino (Vice President of the Social Security Bank of Uruguay) will serve as discussants. Verónica Amarante (Director of ECLAC in Uruguay) will moderate the event. Click here for registration and more information (in Spanish). The first Webinar in the Series took place on 14 August, and was dedicated to South Africa's Child Support Grant. The live recording, presentation and audience discussion are available on the Child Allowance Online Community at


National Evaluation Capacities

What is the relationship between the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), assessment of public policies and the parliamentarians? In order to achieve the SDGs, it is important to create well-designed and well-executed policies and laws to ensure compliance to the Goals, to be signed on the 25th of this month in New York. To that end, parliamentarians—who are responsible for creating laws that provide the foundation for policies—require well-grounded evidence. Such evidence is produced by evaluations. To discuss these issues, the IPC-IG was one of the organisers of the "Parliamentarians Forum in favour of Evaluation for Development in Latin America - Evaluation, Sustainable Development Goals and Public Policy in the post 2015 agenda". The event happened on 17-18 September and gathered Senators and members of the Parliaments from Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Paraguay and Honduras, in Panama City, Panama. IPC-IG Project Analyst Livia Nogueira participated in the event.

The IPC-IG is also a partner at the 4th International Conference on National Evaluation Capacities (NEC) that will take place in Bangkok, Thailand from 26-30 October. The conference discussions will consider future priorities of a global evaluation agenda for 2016-2020 to help evaluate the new SDGs. Rafael Osório, IPC-IG's Research Coordinator, will present the "Evaluation of Social Protection Public Policies" Workshop on the second day of the event.


EU Social Protection Systems Programme

IPC-IG attended the kick-off meeting for the "European Union Social Protection Systems Programme", in Paris. Our team was composed of Research Coordinator Fabio Veras, Project Analyst Alicia Spengler, Researcher Mario Gyori, and Policy in Focus Editor-in-Chief Michael MacLennan.

The meeting brought together key stakeholders and partners for a discussion on how best to support countries in the development and reform of national social protection systems. The EU Social Protection Systems Programme is a new initiative, co-financed by the European Union, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Finland, and managed by the OECD Development Centre and the Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL).

Hearing at Brazilian Senate
On 11 September, Ipea researcher Rodrigo Orair participated in a public hearing about income taxation and inequalities in Brazil at the Economic Affairs Committee at the Senate, where he delivered a presentation on data and indicators of tax progressivity and income inequality. Also on 1 September, Orair joined a TV news show at the Brazilian public network discussing this same theme.

South-South Dialogue

Brazil-Africa Survey
As part of the IPC-IG's efforts to promote South-South dialogue and within the project "Brazil & Africa: fighting poverty and empowering women through South-South Cooperation", financed by the Department for International Development (DFID) of the United Kingdom, an open consultation was held about South-South Cooperation on Social Protection and Food Security. Aimed at Brazilian policymakers involved in cooperation projects between Brazil and Africa, the goal was to identify information needs and specific concerns of the target group from African countries about social protection and/or food and nutrition security policies. Representatives from 8 different institutions answered the consultation and the results will serve to support the development and dissemination of better-targeted and more responsive studies.

Similarly, within the same project, the Brazil-Africa Social Protection Survey was created with the aim of analysing the impact produced by the knowledge-sharing initiatives between Brazil and African countries in the fields of social protection and food security. The survey was prepared in three languages (English, French, and Portuguese) and policymakers from 21 African countries took part.

Thank you to everyone who participated!

Global Child Nutrition Forum
Representatives of over 30 countries will gather at the Salt island, Cape Verde, for the XVII Global Child Nutrition Forum (GCNF), from 28 September to 2 October. The Forum offers technical assistance to developing countries interested in creating, developing and expanding school feeding programmes linked to smallholder farming. The 250 participants will discuss innovative financing for nutrition-based school feeding programmes. The GCNF is being organized by the Global Child Nutrition Foundation and the WFP Centre of Excellence against Hunger.

This year, the event takes place in Cape Verde, a country that transitioned from programmes conducted entirely by international institutions to a national school feeding programme. Besides hosting the GCNF and financing part of the event, the government of Cabo Verde will share its successful school feeding experience with participating countries.

The IPC-IG together with researchers from Ipea, and in partnership with the Government of Cape Verde and UNDP Cape Verde wrote a report on the country's Cash Transfer Programme that provides a detailed assessment of the country's fiscal capacity, institutional and social vulnerabilities.


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