Inclusive Growth Bulletin - Issue 31 - July 2014
  Issue 31 - July 2014  

Inclusive Growth Bulletin

Welcome to the Thirty-first Inclusive Growth Bulletin covering South-South Learning on innovative poverty reduction strategies. The July 2014 issue launches new publications on the impact of cash transfer on the local economy, the realisation of South Africa's child support grant; the evolution of the middle class in Latin America and translated insights into the expansion of Brazil's social security scheme. We also present news and updates on the IPC-IG's latest activities as well as a new video interview on recent innovations in conditional cash transfer programmes in Chile and Colombia.



The One Pager Maximizing the Economic Impact of Cash Transfers: why Complementary Investment Matters?, by Stephanie Levy (London School of Economics, Department of International Development) and Sherman Robinson (International Food Policy Research Institute Environment and Production Technology DivisionAbdel-Hameed Nawar) analyses the effects of cash transfers on small economies with market imperfections and poor rural-urban market linkages. Based on a Computable General Equilibrium macroeconomic model of the Cambodian economy, the study illustrates why cash transfers might induce domestic price increases, particularly for agricultural commodities, that could reduce the efficiency of the policy. This in turn calls for complementary measures to benefit both cash transfer recipients and the domestic economy. A French version is also available.

Productive Spillovers of Social Cash Transfers in Africa: A Local Economy-wide Impact Evaluation (LEWIE) Approach by J. Edward Taylor and Karen Thome (University of California, Davis) Mateusz Filipski (International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)) and Benjamin Davis (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)), is the first publication of a One Pager series launched in partnership between the IPC-IG and the PtoP team at the FAO on social protection productive impacts. The One Pager expands the potential scope of cash transfers impacts on the local economy to include production spillovers using a local economy-wide impact evaluation (LEWIE). LEWIE links models of treated and non-treated households into general-equilibrium (GE) models of project-area economies, explicitly capturing interactions among households. In the study, the authors find compelling evidence that local production, particularly ithat of project-ineligible households, expands in response to cash transfers. The One Pager is also available in French.

In Institutions and Policy Change: the Development of the Child Support Grant in South Africa, Leon Schreiber (Doctoral Candidate, Department of Political and Social Sciences, Freie Universität Berlin), the author exposes how only partial policy adaptation was achieved in the post-Apartheid transition from the State Maintenance Grant (SMG) to the Child Support Grant (CSG). Schreiber attributes this to internal (state) players being sufficiently powerful to veto reform recommendations, blocking the suggestions of external change agents who were attempting wide-ranging transformation. This in effect preserved many of the features of the SMG, resulting in decidedly limited change.

The Policy Research Brief The Evolution of the Middle Class in Latin America by Leopoldo Tornarolli (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina) analyses the evolution of the middle class in Latin America over the last decade, adopting the definition of middle class proposed by the Secretariat of Strategic Affairs of the Presidency of the Republic of Brazil (SAE/PR). The empirical evidence presented is based on microdata from more than 150 household surveys from 16 Latin American countries covering the period 2001–2011. The results confirm the findings of other authors: the middle class has increased its share of the total population in all Latin American countries in recent years.


The Policy in Focus Youth and Employment among the BRICS, launched in March at the BRICS Academic Forum held in Rio de Janeiro, is now available in Portuguese in both PDF and ISSUU versions. The issue is dedicated to the analysis of the usage of social programmes to promote youth employment in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries.

There are also Portuguese, Arabic, French and Spanish versions of two One Pagers:

Possibilities and Limitations of the Expansion of Social Protection through Classic Contributory Schemes: Notes on the Social Security Inclusion of the Poor Working Population by Leonardo José Rolim Guimarães (Secretary of Social Security Policies) Rogério Nagamine Costanzi (Director of the Department of the General Social Security Regime) and Graziela Ansiliero, (Public Policy and Government Management Specialist). Arabic. French. Portuguese. Spanish.

The Impact of Bolsa Família on Women's Decision-Making Power by Alan de Brauw, Daniel O. Gilligan, John Hoddinott and Shalini Roy (International Food Policy Research Institute). Arabic. French. Portuguese. Spanish.

See full list of publications here



Impac Evaluation Workshop held in Egypt

The IPC-IG and The Social Contract Advisory, Monitoring and Coordination Centre (SCC) organised an Impact Evaluation Workshop in Cairo from June 7th to 19th. The workshop was dedicated to techniques of monitoring and impact evaluation of social protection programmes for policy makers in Egypt.


The first round of e-discussion launched by the National Evaluation Capacities (NEC) will be open until the first week of August. Experts, practitioners, and decision-makers are encouraged to share their contributions on "How to engage Parliamentarians to promote demand and use evaluation" online. You can join the discussion here.

Sustainable Urban Development


The IPC-IG has been following up with networks and institutions to discuss urban development strategies, noting the role of government and citizens in shaping a more equitable, socially inclusive and secured world. In this context, Michael MacLennan, IPC-IG Researcher Associate and Editor in Chief, attended the World Urban Forum 7 in Medellin, Colombia and the Symposium "Learning from Detroit: Turbulent Urbanism in the 21st Centure"; in Detroit, USA earlier this year,  initiating conversations with a number of key stakeholders in the field. Read more here.


We still have positions open for our Summer/Fall2014 Internship Programme. Click here to find out more about the application process and what former interns have to say.


We would like to thank our subscribers that participated in the Social Protection Survey. The survey will help us identify the main needs in South-South learning on social protection policies and shape the forthcoming Social Protection Gateway.



Innovations in Chile and Colombia's social protection system

The IPC-IG's video series on recent innovations in social protection policies in Latin America presents Armando Barrientos, Professor and Research Manager at Brooks World Poverty Institute (BWPI) and Senior Researcher at the Chronic Poverty Research Centre. He talks about recent innovations and changes implemented in Conditional Cash Transfers programmes in Colombia and Chile.  



The IPC-IG Social Protection team attended the FAO's Preparatory Meeting for the State of Food and Agriculture 2015 (SOFA) held in Rome on June 30-July 1. The team presented the draft of two background papers, namely "Food assistance and institutional demand: supporting smallholder farmers to fight hunger and boost agricultural production" and "The role of targeting in Social Protection Programmes: what we have learned so far".