Inclusive Growth Bulletin - Issue 23 - December 2013
  Issue 26 - December 2013  

Inclusive Growth Bulletin

Welcome to the Twenty-sixth Inclusive Growth Bulletin covering South-South Learning. The December 2013 issue presents a series of new publications in celebration of the 10th anniversary of Bolsa Família, Brazil's largest conditional cash transfer programme.

We wish you Season's Greetings and a joyful New Year ahead. We would like to thank you for your trust, your collaboration and your enthusiasm. And we look forward to continue working together.


In this month's Bulletin we continue to showcase our latest publications on Bolsa Familia in light of its 10-year anniversary.

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Bolsa Familia, Education and Health

The Working Paper The Impact of the Expansion of the Bolsa Família Programme on the Time Allocation of Youths and Labour Supply of Adult," by Lia Chitolina (University of São Paulo); Miguel Nathan Foguel (IPEA) and Naercio Menezes-Filho (Insper and University of São Paulo), evaluates the impact of the 2007 expansion of PBF, showing that the benefit had a significant and positive impact on school attendance and on the decision of young people to study and work at the same time.

In "The Impact of the Expansion of the Bolsa Família Programme on School Attendance", by Lia Chitolina (University of São Paulo), Miguel Nathan Foguel (Ipea/RJ) and Naercio Menezes-Filho (Insper, University of São Paulo) assesses the effect of the 2007 expansion of the BF benefit to teenagers aged 16 and 17 had on school attendance, they find that teenagers affected by this change increased their school attendance by 4 percentage points. The Portuguese version is available here.

The Working Paper A Substitute for Substitution: Bolsa Famílias Effects on the Combination of Work And School for Children and Adolescents Aged 10-18," by Fernando Gaiger Silveira (IPEA), Ross van Horn (Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, University of Texas at Austin), and Bernardo Campolina (CEDEPLAR/UFMG) questions the idea that PBF presents a substitution effect between child labour and school attendance. It demonstrates that the aggregate effect of the transfer in fact to increase the group that both attend school and participate in the workforce. Also available in One Pager and Portuguese versions.

The One Pager "Conditionalities, School Performance and Progression of Bolsa Família Programme Recipients", by Flávio Cireno (Ministry of Social Development and Fight against Hunger, Brazil); Joana Silva and Rafael Proença (World Bank) demonstates how PBF leads to a reduction in educational inequality helping to minimise its negative impact on childrens school progress, thus curbing the intergenerational poverty cycle. Also available in Portuguese.

The One Pager "Combining Conditional Cash Transfers and Primary Health Care to Reduce Childhood Mortality in Brazil”, by Davide Rasella (Instituto de Saúde Coletiva, Federal University of Bahia) and Rômulo Paes-Sousa (World Centre for Sustainable Development, RIO+ Centre) provides evidence that a multisectoral approach as in the case of PBF and Family Health programme have contributed to reduce childhood morbidity and mortality from poverty-related diseases in Brazil. Also available in Portuguese.



Bolsa Familia, sociall security, labour supply and women empowerment.

Leonardo José Rolim Guimarães, Rogério Nagamine Costanzi (Ministry of Social Security, MPS, Brazil), and Graziela Ansiliero's (Public Policy and Government Management Specialist) Possibilities and Limitations of the Expansion of Social Protection through Classic Contributory Schemes: Notes on the Social Security Inclusion of the Poor Working Population" displays how social security has become progressively more comprehensive, extending increased benefits to an array of disadvantaged groups, through semi and non-contributory benefits. Also available in Portuguese.

The One Pager "Social Transfers: Incentives and Disincentives to Labour Insertion and Income Generation", by Simone Cecchini (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean) demonstrates that poverty reduction programmes need to be designed carefully in order to avoid providing the wrong incentives that provoke a 'vicious circle' of poverty instead of productive gains. Also available in Portuguese.

The One Pager "Bolsa Família and Household Labour Supply", by Alan de Brauw, Daniel O. Gilligan, John Hoddinott and Shalini Roy (International Food Policy Research Institute, IFPRI) explores the dynamics of social assistance transfers in terms of incentivising or disincentivising work and show possible effects of Bolsa Familia in increasing hous of work in the informal sector for certain groups. Also available in Portuguese.

In another publication, Alan de Brauw, Daniel O. Gilligan, John Hoddinott and Shalini Roy demonstrate how Bolsa Familia has had a positive impact on the decision-making power of urban women, observing the spatial dimension of the impact of cash transfer programmes in "The Impact of Bolsa Família" on Women's Decision-Making Power." Also available inPortuguese.


Bolsa Familia: addressing other vulnerabilities, macroeconomic effects and its future

"Socio-economic Profile of Programa Bolsa Família Recipients: What Does the Single Registry Reveal?", by Camila Fracaro Camargo,Claudia Regina Baddini Curralero, Elaine Cristina Licio and Joana Mostafa (Ministry of Social Development, Brazil), examines the database of the 13.9 million PBF beneficiary families. By examining theprofile of these households, the authors recommend the improvement of certain government services to address other sources of vulnerability beyond income. Also available in Portuguese here.

The One Pager "The Macroeconomic Effects of Government Transfers: a Social Accounting Matrix Approach," by Marcelo Côrtes Neri, Fabio Monteiro Vaz, Pedro Herculano Guimarães Ferreira de Souza (Ipea), use social account matrix approach to estimate in the multiplier effect of the expenditures with PBF in a comparative perspective. They find that an increase in PBF expenditures by 1% of GDP, the overall economic activity would grow by 1.78%. Also available in Portuguese.

Fabio Veras Soares' (Ipea and IPC-IG) "The Dual Nature of Bolsa Família and its Implications for the Programmes Future" foresees the potential for PBF to evolve into two separate programmes; an unconditional minimum income programme to tackle extreme poverty and a universal child allowance, to improve the fairness of the States transfers to families with children in Brazil. Also available in Portuguese.

See the full list of new publications here.



This month, the IPC-IG's Research Coordinator, Fabio Veras participated in the "International Seminar on Public Policy for Equality: Towards Universal Social Protection Systems" in Montevideo, Uruguay. The Seminar aimed at encouraging debate and the construction of universal social protection systems in Latin America and the Caribbean. It also aimed at establishing best practices in Uruguay and other countries in the region whilst confronting the main challenges facing social protection today. The event was organized by the Ministry of Social Development of Uruguay (MIDES) and the Social Development Division of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) within the framework of the cooperative program, ECLAC-Government of Norway,"Promoting equality in Latin America and the Caribbean." Full presentation available here (Spanish only).


November 25th was the International Day to End Violence Against Women, introducing 16 Days of Activism to Eliminate Violence against Women. This UNiTE Campaign, launched in 2008, aims to raise public awareness and increase political will and resources for preventing and ending all forms of violence against women and girls in all parts of the world. The campaign called on individuals and groups to "orange the world " with actions to end all forms of violence against women and girls. The IPC-IG participated, along with other UN organisations in Brasilia, by dressing in orange. See the photo and read more on our Press Room .



The 'Coffee Break with the IPC-IG video series presents a new interview with Micheal Maclennan (IPC-IG Researcher). He discusses the past work of the Centre's Rural and Sustainable Development Team and presents an overview of IPC's research on Inclusive Green Growth .